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Lesson 1

Vocabulary·Dialogues·Grammar·Pronounciation



Vocabulary

KarigrafaEnglishKarigrafaEnglish
Pravyos!Hello!Paki!Hi!
Noma 'ya il Teiran.My name is TeiranChte nomen 'tu il?What is your name?
*VataluTo live*AjoluTo like (or love)
*LeheiluTo playHorosho liskaGood morning, good day
Horosho noxGood nightDirediskaGood-bye
*SumaI am*IdeewenaI come
IkNotHic or...This is...
DafYes (all right)IkorNo
KelfThank youJund ei tuYou're welcome
TuskaFromQuartWhere
MojMotherOfficil 'kirtCustoms officer
LitPassportTrenarPlease
OpistrientaPassengerSirtu disku?Anything to declare?
RenCurrencyBrenBonds
AurumGoldArkenjintoranTobacco
LekAlcoholBenGood
KeskuTo haveJinNothing

*The verbs will be fully conjugated later.





Dialogues

1

Znerty meets Jista and her mother.

      Znerty: Pravyos! Nomen 'ya il Znerty.

          Jista: Pravyos, Znerty. Suma Jista.

      Znerty: Tu ei tuska quart?

          Jista: Ideevena tuska Hoska. Hic or moj 'ya.

Moj 'Jista: Suma moj 'Jista.

      Znerty: Horosho liska.

          Jista: Dirediska, Znerty.

      Znerty: Dirediska.


2

A customs officer asks a train passenger a few questions.

Officil 'kirt: Horosho liska. Lit, lit, trenar. Kelf.

  Opistrienta: Jund ei tu.

Officil 'kirt: Sirtu disku?

  Opistrienta: Ikor.

Officil 'kirt: Ren? Bren? Aurum?

  Opistrienta: Ikor.

Officil 'kirt: Arkenjintoran? Lek?

  Opistrienta: Ikor.

Officil 'kirt: Daf. Ben. Kelf

  Opistrienta: Jund ei tu.

Officil 'kirt: Horosho liska.

  Opistrienta: Horosho liska.


3

If you wish to avoid many annoying questions, you may respond like this passenger.

Officil 'kirt: Sirtu disku?

  Opistrienta: Keska jin disku.



Grammar

     Karigrafa, like Latin, has various cases for the different ways that a noun can be interpreted. Here is a simple explanation:

          ·When a noun is the subject of a sentence, it is in the nominative case.

          ·When a noun is the object of a sentence, it is in the accusative case.

          ·When a noun is in posession of something, (ie This is my mother.) it is in the genitive case.

          ·Nouns are divided into two groups; feminine and masculine.

          ·Proper nouns do not change, except for the genitive case.

Singular
FeminineMasculine
Nominative*Ends in vowel*Ends in consonant
AccusativeJunt-lemOffici-lo
Genitive'Junta'Officil

*There are exceptions. Masculine names may end in vowels, as well as others that will be introduced later.


Plural
Masculine
NominativeJunt-laecOffici-jo
AccusativeJunt-imOffici-ab
Genitive'Juntlaec or "Junta'Officijo or "Officil


     Hic, as well as other adjectives, change depending on the number, case, and gender of the noun that they modify. For example:

          ·Hic or moj 'ya. This is my mother.

          ·His or Znerty. This is Znerty.

          ·Hais sumret Znerty ilo Junta. These are Znerty and Junta.

          As you may have guessed, hic refers to a singular feminine noun when it is nominative. Here is Hic declined.

Singular
FeminineMasculine
NominativeHicHis
AccusativeHigHil
Genitive'Hic'His

Plural
FeminineMasculine
NominativeH-aisH-ais
AccusativeH-imH-ab
Genitive'Hais or "Hic'Hais or "His


     Although the regular verb conjugation will be shown in full later, the verb Jeyta is now conjugated for you.

SumaI amLakrafWe are
IlYou areTomaYou all are
OrHe/she/it isSumretThey are



Exercises

     The exercises for Lesson 1 will be up at a later time. Until then, if you feel confident enough with what you have learned, proceed to lesson 2.

Pronounciation

KarigrafaPronounciationKarigrafaPronounciation
Karigrafaka-REE-grah-fahPravyosPrah-VYOHS
PakiPah-KEENoma 'ya il TeiranNO-mah yah eel Tay-EE-rin
Chte nomen 'tu ilChtay noh-MEN too eelVataluVah-TAH-loo
AjoluAh-joh-LOOLeheiluLeh-HAY-il-oo
Horosho liska*Choh-roh-SHOH LEE-skahHorosho noxChoh-roh-SHOH nahx
DirediskaDEE-ray-DEE-skahSumaSOO-mah
IdeewenaEe-dee-WEE-nahIkIk
Hic orHic orDafDahf
IkorEE-korKelfkehlf
*Ch is pronounced as a guttural h.

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